Here is an overview of events in the region, laying out the key dates of legislation and the developments and permit applications that happened simultaniously.

October 2005
Treaty signed

Energy Community Treaty is signed by all countries of the Western Balkans. The Large Combustion Plants Directive is an integral part of the acquis communautaire on environment in Art. 16 of the Treaty.

July 2006
Treaty enters force

Energy Community Treaty enters into force

2009
Financing for de-SOx at Ugljevik secured

A loan from Japan International Cooperation Agency was signed for the installation of desulphurisation equipment (de-SOx) at the Ugljevik coal power plant in Bosnia and Herzegovina

2011
Financing for de-SOx at Nikola Tesla A secured

A loan from Japan International Cooperation Agency was signed for the installation of desulphurisation equipment (de-SOx) at the Nikola Tesla A coal power plant in Serbia

December 2011
Financing for de-SOx at Kostolac B secured

Loan from China Exim Bank signed for the installation of de-SOx equipment at Kostolac B power plant in Serbia

June 2015
Unpermitted construction works spotted

Construction works on the de-SOx facility at Kostolac B in Serbia are spotted by the local residents, although an environmental permit had not yet been granted to the project.

December 2015
NERP and opt-out list submission deadline

Deadline for countries to submit their National Emission Reduction Plans and Opt-out lists to the Energy Community Secretariat. A total of 17 coal power plants (38 units) are covered by these two mechanisms of complying with the LCPD.

September 2016
New contract signed at Ugljevik

A contract for installation of electrostatic precipitators at the Ugljevik power plant is signed, for reduction of dust emissions.

May 2017
Works on de-SOx at Ugljevik start

A ceremony is held in Ugljevik in Bosnia and Herzegovina, marking the beginning of works on the desulphurisation of the plant

July 2017
De-SOx works at Kostolac B finished

Finalisation of rehabilitation works and installation of de-SOx equipment at Kostolac B in Serbia

January 2018
LCPD enters into force

Deadline for implementation of Large Combustion plants Directive in all Energy Community countries

November 2018
Request for permit

Request for a construction permit for the de-SOx equipment at Kostolac B power plant submitted

December 2018
Request for permit at Kostolac B denied

Request for a construction permit for the de-SOx equipment at Kostolac B power plant rejected

January 2019
Request for permit at Kostolac B denied again

Request for a construction permit for the de-SOx equipment at Kostolac B power plant rejected again

February 2019
Works on de-SOx at Nikola Tesla start
Works begin on the de-SOx equipment installation at Nikola Tesla A power plant in Serbia.
November 2019
Financing secured at Kosova B
Financing agreement signed for reduction of dust and NOx emissions at Kosova B coal power plant
December 2019
Test operations at Ugljevik de-SOx
Test operations begin at the Ugljevik power plant’s de-SOx in Bosnia and Herzegovina
December 2019
Public consultation for de-SOx at Kostolac B
Public consultation for the updated Environmental Impact Assessment report of the already built desulphurisation unit at Kostolac B is launched, at the power plant operator’s request
February 2020
Technical problems
Technical problems reported at the Ugljevik de-SOx
June 2020
Contract signed at Pljevlja
A contract for rehabilitation works at the Pljevlja coal power plant in Montenegro was signed, expected to bring the emissions in line with the EU’s 2017 LCP BREF limit values for existing power plants by 2023.
February 2021
Consultant sought for Ugljevik permitting
Elektroprivreda Republike Srpske, the operator of Ugljevik coal power plant, announces it is seeking a consultant for obtaining the operating permit for the de-SOx equipment
March 2021
Pljevlja officially runs out of operating hours
Montenegro submits an official report to the European Environment Agency that by the end of 2020, the Pljevlja plant had used up more than its allocated 20,000 hours under its opt-out.